poniedziałek, 3 czerwca 2013
333. USA #48
Cape Cod is a cape in the easternmost portion of the state of Massachusetts, in the Northeastern United States. Today it is co-extensive with Barnstable County, and is defined by the towns along the Cape Cod Canal, and those to the east along the peninsula all the way to Provincetown. Several small islands right off Cape Cod, including Monomoy Island, Monomoscoy Island, Popponesset Island, and Seconsett Island, are also in Barnstable County. The Cape's historic and maritime character and ample beaches attract heavy tourism during the summer months.
Cape Cod was formed as the recessional moraine of a glacier at the end of the last ice age, resulting in the peninsula that stretches into the Atlantic Ocean.
In 1914, the Cape Cod Canal was cut through the base or isthmus of the peninsula, turning nearly all of Cape Cod into what would technically be described as an island. One of the biggest barrier islands in the world, Cape Cod shields much of the Massachusetts coastline from North Atlantic storm waves. This protection erodes the Cape's shoreline at the expense of its cliffs, while protecting towns from Fairhaven to Marshfield.
By road, all vehicles entering Cape Cod must cross over the Cape Cod Canal via the Sagamore Bridge or the Bourne Bridge. The two bridges are parallel some four miles apart, with the Bourne Bridge to the west, and the Sagamore to the east. In addition, the Cape Cod Canal Railroad Bridge carries railway freight and limited passenger services onto the Cape.